30分钟,快速上手Lucene v7.4.0

Lucene截止目前,最新版本为v7.4.0。它是一个开放源代码的全文检索引擎工具包,但它不是一个完整的全文检索引擎,而是一个全文检索引擎的架构,提供了完整的查询引擎和索引引擎,部分文本分析引擎(英文与德文两种西方语言)。


目录:

1 Lucene环境相关

$ uname -a

Linux ubuntu 4.15.0-32-generic #35-Ubuntu SMP Fri Aug 10 17:58:07 UTC 2018 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

$ java -version

java version “1.8.0_181”
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_181-b13)
Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.181-b13, mixed mode)

补充:对应的安装包名称为jdk-8u181-linux-x64.tar.gz,Ubuntu 18.04.1 LTS,MyEclipse CI 2018.8.0

References:
[1] https://www.genuitec.com/products/myeclipse/download/
[2] http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/jdk8-downloads-2133151.html
[3] http://www.apache.org/dyn/closer.lua/lucene/java/7.4.0

2 Add External JARs…(右击项目->Build Path)

下载Lucene:http://www.apache.org/dyn/closer.lua/lucene/java/7.4.0
这里写图片描述

3 配置git

$ sudo apt install git
$ git config --global user.name "qingdujun"
$ git config --global user.email "123456@gmail.com"
$ ssh-keygen -t rsa -C "123456@gmail.com"

Generating public/private rsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/home/qingdujun/.ssh/id_rsa):
Created directory ‘/home/qingdujun/.ssh’.
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):
Enter same passphrase again:
Your identification has been saved in /home/qingdujun/.ssh/id_rsa.
Your public key has been saved in /home/qingdujun/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.

$ vim /home/qingdujun/.ssh/id_rsa.pub

拷贝里面的内容至github.com->settings->SSH and GPG keys->New SSH key

References:
[1] https://www.liaoxuefeng.com/wiki/0013739516305929606dd18361248578c67b8067c8c017b000
[2] https://git-scm.com/book/zh/v1/Git-%E5%9F%BA%E7%A1%80-%E6%89%93%E6%A0%87%E7%AD%BE
[3] http://www.ruanyifeng.com/blog/2014/06/git_remote.html

4 Lucene v7.4.0 source code

git clone https://github.com/qingdujun/LuceneRes/releases/tag/v0.1

4.1 索引目录

~/Documents/LuceneRes/Index$ ls

_0.cfe _0.cfs _0.si segments_2 write.lock

4.2 运行结果

Console
Indexing /home/qingdujun/Documents/LuceneRes/Data/LuceneConstants.java
Indexing /home/qingdujun/Documents/LuceneRes/Data/Searcher.java
Indexing /home/qingdujun/Documents/LuceneRes/Data/LuceneTester.java
Indexing /home/qingdujun/Documents/LuceneRes/Data/TextFileFilter.java
Indexing /home/qingdujun/Documents/LuceneRes/Data/Indexer.java
5 File indexed, time taken: 128 ms
3 documents found. Time: 40 ms
File: /home/qingdujun/Documents/LuceneRes/Data/Indexer.java
File: /home/qingdujun/Documents/LuceneRes/Data/Searcher.java
File: /home/qingdujun/Documents/LuceneRes/Data/LuceneTester.java

5 附录(可运行源代码):

5.1 TextFileFilter.java

package com.cfs.lucene;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileFilter;

public class TextFileFilter implements FileFilter{
    public static final String TEXT_TYPE = ".java";

    @Override
    public boolean accept(File pathname) {
        return pathname.getName().toLowerCase().endsWith(TEXT_TYPE);
    }
}

5.2 LuceneConstants.java

package com.cfs.lucene;

public class LuceneConstants {
    public static final String CONTENTS = "contents";
    public static final String FILE_NAME = "filename";
    public static final String FILE_PATH = "filepath";
    public static final int MAX_SEARCH = 10;
}

5.3 Indexer.java

package com.cfs.lucene;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileFilter;
import java.io.FileReader;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.file.Paths;

import org.apache.lucene.analysis.Analyzer;
import org.apache.lucene.analysis.standard.StandardAnalyzer;
import org.apache.lucene.document.Document;
import org.apache.lucene.document.Field;
import org.apache.lucene.document.Field.Store;
import org.apache.lucene.document.StringField;
import org.apache.lucene.document.TextField;
import org.apache.lucene.index.IndexWriter;
import org.apache.lucene.index.IndexWriterConfig;
import org.apache.lucene.store.Directory;
import org.apache.lucene.store.FSDirectory;

public class Indexer {

    private IndexWriter indexWriter = null;
    /**
     * Construct index
     * @param directoryPath The directory where the index is located
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public Indexer(String directoryPath) throws IOException{
        Directory directory = FSDirectory.open(Paths.get(directoryPath));
        Analyzer analyzer = new StandardAnalyzer();
        IndexWriterConfig indexWriterConfig = new IndexWriterConfig(analyzer);
        indexWriter = new IndexWriter (directory, indexWriterConfig);
    }
    /**
     * Close write index
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public void close() throws IOException{
        indexWriter.close();
    }
    /**
     * Convert a file to an index object(document)
     * @param file
     * @return
     * @throws IOException
     */
    private Document getDocument(File file) throws IOException{
        Document document = new Document();
        //TextField, A field that is indexed and tokenized
        Field contentsField = new TextField(LuceneConstants.CONTENTS, new FileReader(file));
        document.add(contentsField);
        //StringField, A field that is indexed but not tokenized
        Field fileNameField = new StringField(LuceneConstants.FILE_NAME, file.getName(),Store.YES);
        document.add(fileNameField);
        Field filePathField = new StringField(LuceneConstants.FILE_PATH, file.getCanonicalPath(), Store.YES);
        document.add(filePathField);
        return document;
    }
    /**
     * Index file
     * @param file
     * @throws IOException
     */
    private void indexFile(File file) throws IOException{
        System.out.println("Indexing "+file.getCanonicalPath());
        Document document = getDocument(file);
        indexWriter.addDocument(document);
    }
    /**
     * Index all files
     * @param dataDirPath Indexed data storage directory
     * @param fileFilter
     * @return
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public int createIndex(String dataDirPath, FileFilter fileFilter) throws IOException{
        File[] files = new File(dataDirPath).listFiles();
        for (File file : files) {
            if (!file.isDirectory() && !file.isHidden() && file.exists() 
                    && file.canRead() && fileFilter.accept(file)) {
                indexFile(file);
            }
        }
        return indexWriter.numDocs();
    }

    /**
     * Read the entire contents of the file and return the bytes
     * @param file
     * @return
     * @throws IOException
     */
//  private byte[] read2Bytes(File file) throws IOException {
//      Long fileLength = file.length();
//      byte[] contents = new byte[fileLength.intValue()];
//      FileInputStream fileInputStream = new FileInputStream(file);
//      fileInputStream.read(contents);
//      fileInputStream.close();
//      return contents;
//  } 
//  

5.4 Searcher.java

package com.cfs.lucene;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.file.Paths;

import org.apache.lucene.analysis.standard.StandardAnalyzer;
import org.apache.lucene.document.Document;
import org.apache.lucene.index.DirectoryReader;
import org.apache.lucene.queryparser.classic.ParseException;
import org.apache.lucene.queryparser.classic.QueryParser;
import org.apache.lucene.search.IndexSearcher;
import org.apache.lucene.search.Query;
import org.apache.lucene.search.ScoreDoc;
import org.apache.lucene.search.TopDocs;
import org.apache.lucene.store.Directory;
import org.apache.lucene.store.FSDirectory;

public class Searcher {
    IndexSearcher indexSearcher = null;
    QueryParser queryParser = null;
    Query query = null;
    Directory directory = null;
    DirectoryReader directoryReader = null;

    public Searcher(String directoryPath) throws IOException{
        //Store the index in memory
        //Directory directory = new RAMDirectory();
        //Store an index on disk
        directory = FSDirectory.open(Paths.get(directoryPath));
        directoryReader = DirectoryReader.open(directory);
        indexSearcher = new IndexSearcher(directoryReader);
        queryParser = new QueryParser(LuceneConstants.CONTENTS, new StandardAnalyzer());
    }

    public TopDocs search(String searchQuery) throws ParseException, IOException {
        query = queryParser.parse(searchQuery);
        return indexSearcher.search(query, LuceneConstants.MAX_SEARCH);
    }

    public Document getDocument(ScoreDoc scoreDoc) throws IOException {
        return indexSearcher.doc(scoreDoc.doc);
    }

    public void close() throws IOException {
        directoryReader.close();
        directory.close();
    }
}

5.5 LuceneTester.java

package com.cfs.lucene;

import java.io.IOException;

import org.apache.lucene.document.Document;
import org.apache.lucene.queryparser.classic.ParseException;
import org.apache.lucene.search.ScoreDoc;
import org.apache.lucene.search.TopDocs;

public class LuceneTester {
    /*
     *basePath Need to be modified to your root dorectory 
     */
    public static final String basePath = "/home/qingdujun/Documents/LuceneRes/";
    public static final String indexDir = basePath+"Index";
    public static final String dataDir = basePath+"Data";

    private Indexer indexer = null;
    private Searcher searcher = null;
    /**
     * Test the function of create index
     * @throws IOException
     */
    private void createIndex() throws IOException {
        indexer = new Indexer(indexDir);
        int numIndexed = 0;
        long startTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
        numIndexed = indexer.createIndex(dataDir, new TextFileFilter());
        long endTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
        indexer.close();
        System.out.println(numIndexed+" File indexed, time taken: "+(endTime-startTime)+" ms");
    }
    /**
     * Test the function of search result
     * @param searchQuery What you want to search for
     * @throws IOException
     * @throws ParseException
     */
    private void search(String searchQuery) throws IOException, ParseException {
        searcher = new Searcher(indexDir);
        long startTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
        TopDocs hits = searcher.search(searchQuery);
        long endTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
        System.out.println(hits.totalHits+" documents found. Time: "+(endTime-startTime)+" ms");
        for (ScoreDoc scoreDoc : hits.scoreDocs) {
            Document document = searcher.getDocument(scoreDoc);
            System.out.println("File: "+document.get(LuceneConstants.FILE_PATH));
        }
        searcher.close();
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        LuceneTester luceneTester = new LuceneTester();
        try {
            luceneTester.createIndex();
            luceneTester.search("throws IOException");
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

}


©qingdujun
2018-8-30 于 北京 海淀

已标记关键词 清除标记
©️2020 CSDN 皮肤主题: 精致技术 设计师:CSDN官方博客 返回首页